You walk into a space, and the lights turn on. You leave, and the lights are off in the space you just left. The temperature is best. You leave for work, and all of your doors lock themselves.
Your security system is armed instantly. Have you mistakenly stepped through a time warp into the home of the future? Are you on the set of the most recent sci-fi smash hit? No. This is not the stuff of fantasy; this is the fact of today’s “smart” home. And it’s getting “smarter”.
With sensors to discover temperature level, humidity, air quality even carbon monoxide gas or radon, these structures are typically more familiar with their environments than individuals who inhabit them.
Naturally the “smart” house is one type of smart building. However, the majority of smart structures are not residential; they are office or municipal. Today, building automation systems are used to heat and cool individual rooms or areas, control security electronic cameras and alarms, lights, water distribution systems, elevators, if it moves or changes, it can be automated.
Today, we have many buildings filled with sensors, controllers, and clever appliances. As the technology is now known to assist in reducing energy usage and managing emissions, we can all be confident that we will certainly see a lot more in the future. In truth, we see the emergence of whole “smart” cities.
The Tip of the Iceberg
With the introduction of smart buildings innovation, we are at the precipice of a world very different from the one we know. We are soon to see entire smart communities composed of smart structures, smart cars that drive themselves on smart highways lined with smart street indications and smart billboards.
And why are these smart structures and smart cities necessary? Have not we done fine without them? While that is certainly arguable, it is becoming challenging to deny that urban areas around the globe have facilities that are badly strained by ever-increasing populations. The World Health Organization reports that in 2010 more than half of the world’s population resided in cities. They approximate that the number will increase to 60 % by 2030. The United Nations approximates it will be over 70 % by 2050. With power distribution systems, water management systems, sanitation systems, transportation systems and more encumbered by increased need, and with the budget restrictions that most towns deal with, there is a strong push toward increased effectiveness and sustainability in cities worldwide. Additionally, many governments are now enforcing laws mandating cleaner innovations and decreased emissions.